3—Water in Indonesia: too much or not enough?
Note: For this initial activity, teachers should not mention beforehand to students that they are going to be studying Indonesia or Jakarta.
Flooding in Jakarta
Have students view the video clip below, which deliberating does not have any commentary and encourage students to decide which country is represented by interpreting the images.
After discussing their impressions, students view the same video again, but this time a version which has commentary.
What do we already know about Jakarta?
Explain that students will be learning about flooding in the city of Jakarta. Have students brainstorm what they already know about Jakarta: where it is, who lives there and what life might be like, whether they know why it floods there, and when. The worksheet What do we know about Jakarta? (.pdf 1.3 MB) can be used as a prompt.
Students generate questions about Jakarta. Have students write their own questions about Jakarta on strips of paper and display these in the classroom, with space near each question for answers to be added.
Background to floods in Jakarta: using and interpreting maps and graphs
Have students mark the location of Jakarta on a map of Indonesia. Students locate Indonesia within surrounding countries on a map of South East Asia and in relation to other geographic features or markers, for example the Equator, seas and oceans, nearest Australian territory (Christmas Island). The resource Country Profile: Indonesia (.pdf 1.4 MB) has a useful map amongst other information about Indonesia relevant to this unit of work.
Students study and interpret the climate graph of Jakarta from Page 19 of Get Connected: Water in the World. Note rianfall is in blue and remperature in red.
The related activity page may be used. What variations in temperature occur across a year? Why is the climate so consistently warm? What patterns are there in the rainfall? What might explain this? Can we use this graph to make any predictions about when floods might be a problem in Jakarta?
Locate a simple map or a satellite image of Jakarta (for example, online) and have students identify major watercourses. Note that there are rivers and also many canals. Discuss: Which parts of Jakarta are closest to the sea? (North) Which direction do the watercourses flow?
Display a map of flood-prone areas of Jakarta to show students which areas are indeed most likely to experience flooding. See the flood model and flood foot print for Jakarta.
New information about Jakarta should be written as factual paragraphs and added to the wall display.
‘Recent issues with water’ in Indonesia
Display for students the following vocabulary which they will meet in the upcoming cloze activity ‘Recent issues with water’:
- access (to water)
- demand (as a noun, as in ‘meet the demand’)
- flood mitigation
Students select two terms which they understand and write a definition of these in their own words, using a geographical definition if the word has other meanings. Have students share their definitions.
Discuss which terms you might expect to find together, for example, rural/urban, demand/shortage, canal/dredge. Identify the terms with which students are not familiar and invite students to guess what they might refer to. Tell students to watch for these as they read, to see if the context gives them more information to help understand the terms.
Have students read the article about Indonesia: ‘Recent issues with water’(.pdf 1.6 MB), and complete the cloze activity using the words provided.
Inquiry and class presentation
Students work in pairs to research one of the following aspects of flooding in Jakarta and prepare a 3–4 minute presentation which will inform their classmates about that topic:
- The physical geography of Jakarta and surrounding land, and its contribution flooding. Explaining the causes of the monsoon season.
- What does it mean that people live ‘below sea level’? How is this possible?
- How does deforestation in upstream areas relate to flooding? Why is there deforestation?
- How do canals and polders work?
- What does rubbish have to do with flooding in Jakarta, and what can be done about it? Why do poor people move to Jakarta and how does urbanisation relate to floods being a human disaster in Jakarta?
- How does a flood affect the lives of poor people in Jakarta? Give some specifics.
- Describe some diseases which can spread as a result of flooding in Jakarta and their effects.
- What are the ways in which aid agencies help during a flood disaster in Jakarta?
- What longer-term initiatives are being taken by aid agencies in Jakarta to improve the life of the urban poor?
- What structures can be built or better maintained to decrease the amount of flooding in Jakarta? Are any organisations helping to do this?
Students should locate some resources independently, evaluating resources for usefulness and reliability. Relevant online resources include the World Bank video Jakarta Flood.
Students prepare a presentation based on their inquiry, constructing diagrams, maps or other visual elements which will contribute to their message. Have students share the findings of their inquiry to the class as an oral presentation.