4—Neighbours: Australia and the Pacific
Factual texts and neighbours in need
Distinguish factual texts from literary texts and explore structures of factual texts. Begin by ascertaining prior knowledge.
Gather and categorise students’ knowledge: location, food, people, dance/music, climate and natural features. The Pacific islands …
Construct a word bank or glossary.
Read the following factual text about Australia and the Pacific. It is written to inform, instruct and explain. Next, using a map of the Pacific to locate our Pacific neighbours, have students complete a cloze activity.
Read the recount of A day in the life of Damian, an 11-year-old boy from Papua New Guinea. Have students identify similarities and differences between their own lives and Damian’s life in the table below — our neighbours are similar and different — to write their own stories ...
Some students may have been born on or visited a Pacific island. Allow them to recount their experiences and plan and deliver a short presentation with key details in a logical sequence.
Other students may deliver their short presentations on how Australians can be good international neighbours who know and care about, and respect our Pacific neighbours.
Global citizenship in action
As a class, synthesise what has been learned so far about neighbours and being a neighbour locally and in our region. Guide the class in considering the focus statements for this unit for both local and international neighbours.
Locate East Timor on a map and introduce the concept of neighbours in need. Show the World Vision 40-hour Famine video ‘The Strike versus Hunger’, set in East Timor.
What is the video trying to do — that is, what is its purpose?
Who is expected to watch the video — that is, who is the audience?
Explain how the 40-hour Famine is one way that adults can help East Timor. With the class, analyse how the video showed hunger as the ‘enemy’. What techniques were used — how was the idea of a superhero developed apart from costume; for example, position of the camera and shot size? Were the techniques successful for the audience and purpose?
Brainstorm some other things that young Australians such as themselves could do to help their neighbours in East Timor fight hunger.