3—Forced migration in Ziba Came on a Boat and Najeeba’s story
Australia is founded on a version of ‘forced’ migration. Briefly review the convict era as an era of migration.
There are many current media reports on the issue of asylum seekers. The term ‘boat people’ is commonly used. Collect media reports on recent arrivals by boat and ask the students to examine them for inaccuracies, bias or stereotypes.
You may point out that nearly all asylum seekers who arrive by boat are found to be refugees fleeing persecution, war and violence. See page 17 of the World Refugee Week Teacher Pack (.pdf 3.3 MB) for more information.
Read the picture storybook Ziba Came on a Boat, by Liz Lofthouse, illustrated by Robert Ingpen, the story of an Afghan girl’s journey to Australia. Ziba came as an asylum seeker aiming to be classified as a refugee.
Revisit the definitions of migration, asylum seeker and refugee.
Read Najeeba’s story (.pdf 1.2 MB) from the World Refugee Week Teacher’s Pack and list the factors in her story of migration according to the push and pull theory.
Examples from quotes of push and pull factors in Najeeba’s story
‘… whenever we walked in the streets [in Afghanistan] we faced constant abuse and threats.’
‘It seemed like every day we witnessed our neighbours, or friends disappearing.’
‘I can go to university … I always wanted to be a uni student, to learn English.’
‘When I am outside [in Australia], I don’t have to worry about being attacked … because I’m a girl.’
Revise Ziba Came on a Boat to list the factors in her story of migration according to the push and pull theory.
Compare the two stories of asylum seekers from Afghanistan. Classify the text types according to the purpose they were designed to achieve.